The black awakening of 1964 to 1972

In Bandung, Indonesia in 1955, representatives of twenty-nine newly independent Asian and African nations met to declare the importance of Third World unity in opposition to European colonialism and Western imperialism. The Bandung conference had a tremendous impact on the peoples of the Third World, such that political leaders and intellectuals of the era spoke of the “Bandung spirit.” The conference was followed by the 1957 Afro-Asian Solidarity Conference in Cairo, Egypt.

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